Guatemala is a country located in the north of Central America with a population of over 16.5 million people. Its diversity of altitudes and ecosystems means that despite being relatively small, there is great climatic diversity. Guatemala can be subdivided into three main regions: the Pacific region characterized by higher rainfall and a hot climate, the central region, which thanks to its altitude is characterized by temperate climates with relative humidity and a hot and dry area in the east of the country. Therefore, despite having a relatively small territory, its diversity of reliefs and ecosystems generate certain challenges in water management.
A rich source of information for measuring the current state of access to water and sanitation are household surveys. Throughout Latin America and the Carribean, household surveys provide us with representative data of the countries' population, validated by statistical institutes, which allow cross-checking with other social statistics such as area, income, and gender breakdowns.
This page relies heavily on Guatemala's 2019 National Employment and Income Survey which surveyed 5,227 representative households. The survey collected some data on water in their household surveys in accordance with the WHO / UNICEF guidelines, and is the only survey in the region that collects data on potable water quailty and treatment. However, the survey does not collect data to estimate non-piped improved water sources, or differentiate between improved and unimproved latrines, making it difficult to accurately estimate SDGs 6.1 and 6.2.
For more information on why OLAS uses household surveys, click here.