It is estimated that Brazil has about 12% of the planet’s freshwater availability. However, the distribution is not homogeneous. The North region concentrates approximately 80% of the available water, but represents only 5% of the Brazilian population. While the Northeast, with 29% of the population, has 3% of the water; and the Southeast, with 43% of the population, has only 6%. The Amazon River alone contains 80% of the country’s water. Agriculture consumes about 60% of Brazil’s water, while households account for 22% and industries 19% of consumption. The demand for water use in Brazil has grown by about 80% in total water withdrawn in the last two decades.